Paper: Omeprazole prevents stress induced gastric ulcer by direct inhibition of MMP-2/TIMP-3 interactions

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Abstract The healing of damaged tissues in gastric tract starts with the extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling by the action of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Particularly, MMP-2 (gelatinase-A) maintains ECM structure and function by degrading type IV collagen, the major component of basement membranes and by clearing denatured collagen. The proteolytic activities of MMPs are critically balanced by endogenous tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) and disruption of this balance results in several diseases. The well-known drug omeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor used for curing gastric ulcer. However, the action of omeprazole in ECM remodeling on gastroprotection has never been explored. Herein, using rat model of gastric ulcer, we report that restraint cold stress caused increase apoptosis to surface epithelia of gastric tissues along with TIMP-3 upregulation and inhibition of MMP-2 activity thereon. In contrast, omeprazole treatment suppressed TIMP-3 while increasing MMP-2 activity and thereby, restoring MMP-2/TIMP-3 balance. Additionally, nanomolar binding constant (Kd = 318 nM) of omeprazole with purified MMP-2 indicates a direct effect of omeprazole in restoring MMP-2 activity. Further in silico simulations revealed a plausible mechanism of action of omeprazole for TIMP-3 deactivation. Altogether, omeprazole restores MMP-2 activity and reduces apoptosis while preventing acute stress-induced gastric ulcer that occurs via suppression of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activity and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma activity (PPAR-γ). This represents an unprecedented correlation between physical docking of drug molecule to a protease and the severity of organ injury and provides a novel therapeutic approach to prevent stress induced tissue damage.
Authors Deep Sankar Rudra
Uttam Pal
Nilkanta Chowdhury
Nakul Chandra Maiti
Angshuman Bagchi
Snehasikta Swarnakara
Published on Free Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume 181, March 2022, Pages 221-234
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